Teak wood (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation.
They are large trees, growing to 30-40 meters tall, deciduous in the dry season. The age of the tree can be assessed from the annual rings formed every year inside the trunk. Mature teak fetches a very good price.
The timber is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture, boat decks, and other articles where weather resistance is desired. It is also used for indoor flooring and as a veneer for indoor furnishings. Teak is used extensively in India to make doors, window frames, furniture, columns, and beams in older houses. It is very resistant to the attack of termites.
Teak is easily worked and has natural oils that
make it suitable for use in exposed locations, where it is durable even when not treated with oil or varnish. Teak cut from old trees grown slowly in natural forests is more durable, whereas teak from young trees grown in plantations is prone to splitting and water damage. A method to strengthen plantation-grown teak to perform like old-growth teak is through kiln drying.
Popular in the 1950s and 1960s in a style often known as Danish modern
, teak furniture has had a second boom in popularity. Teak is one of the most sought-after types of vintage furniture.
The use of teak raises environmental concerns
, such as the disappearance of rare old-growth teak. However, its popularity has led to growth in sustainable production throughout the seasonally dry tropics in forestry plantations. This wood is taken from the legal forestation department and does not come from illegal forest activity.