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Image from page 952 of "Appleton's dictionary of machines, mechanics, engine-work, and engineering" (1861)

Image from page 952 of
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Identifier: appletonsdiction02appl
Title: Appleton's dictionary of machines, mechanics, engine-work, and engineering
Year: 1861 (1860s)
Authors: Appleton, firm, publishers, New York. (1852, D. Appleton & Co.)
Subjects: Mechanical engineering
Publisher: New York : D. Appleton
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Smithsonian Libraries

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Birohwood. A forest-tree common to Europe and North America; the finest is from Canada, St.Johns, and Pictou. It is an excellent wood for the turner, being light-colored, compact, and easilyworked: it is in general softer and darker than beech, and unlike it in grain. Birchwood is not very durable ; it is considerably used in furniture. Some of the wood is almostas handsomely figured as Honduras mahogany, and when colored and varnished is not easily dis-tinguished from it. The bark of the birch-tree is remarkable for being harder and more durablethan the wood itself: amongst the Northern nations it is used for tiles for roofs, for shoes, hats, <fec,and in Canada for boats. The Russians employ the tan of one of the birch-trees to impart thescent to Russia leather, which is thereby rendered remarkably durable. The inner bark is usedfor making the Russia mats. The English birch is much smaller than the American, and lighter in color; it is chiefly used forcommon turnery. Some of the R

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Date: 2014-07-30 15:23:45

bookid:appletonsdiction02appl bookyear:1861 bookdecade:1860 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Appleton__firm__publishers__New_York___1852__D__Appleton___Co__ booksubject:Mechanical_engineering bookpublisher:New_York___D__Appleton bookcontributor:Smithsonian_Libraries booksponsor:Smithsonian_Libraries bookleafnumber:952 bookcollection:smithsonian

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